Yoga – “It is a group of physical, mental, and spiritual practices or disciplines, which originated in ancient India.”
Asana – “The posture.”

The posture in which one sit or stand. It may be forward, backward, side bending, twisting, stretching, balancing, inversion or relaxing and meditative posture also.

Origin of asana is in India. Patanjali describes asana as a “steady and comfortable posture. In yoga sutra Patanjali describes asana as third limb in astang Ayurveda.

Path of Yoga Sana

Hatha yoga
Raj yoga
Bhakti yoga
Jnana yoga
Kriya yoga
Karma yoga


  • Pranayama is the fourth limb of the spiritual Ashtanga yoga practice.

  • Pranayama contain two words pran and ayam, “pran” means breath or life force or Energy and “ayama” means to extend or draw out . Thus,

  • Relaxes the body.


  • The sanskrit word mudra means “posture”. Yoga mudra is hand posture used with pranayama.
  • Each area of the hand has a reflex reaction to the specific part of the brain. So, mudra redirect the energy flow and reflexes of the brain. Thus, stimulate different parts of the body.
  • The study of naturopathy said that our body is made of panchatatva, agni(fire), akash(sky), prithvi(earth), jal (water) and vayu (gas) and if anyone these five becomes much or less, diseases arise.
  • Five fingers of our hand express these five substances as following.

Thumb – Agni tatva

Tarjani- Vayu tatva

Madhyama – Akash tatva

Anamika – Pruthvi tatva

Kanistha – Jal tatva


Bandha means lock, stop or close-off by pressure or strain on the muscles to flow pran(life-force) or energy to a particular area of the body. And when the bandha is released, energy flow more strongly with an increased pressure through the body. Which flushes old, dead cells and organs get strengthened, rejuvenated.


  • Shat karma or shat kaiya are six yogic techniques to cleanse the internal organs.
  • Shatkriyakal balance the three doshas, and create harmony between the pranic flows.
  • Shat kriya perform before yogasana and pranayama to purify the body and progress towards spiritual path.